How did American pilot Robert Duter, famous for his surprise attack on Tokyo, be rescued by farmers in Zhejiang Province
On April 18, 1942, in a square in central Tokyo, people who had come to take part in an air defense drill lingered for a long time. They crowded together and waved their arms at planes whizzing overhead, while excited little girls screamed.However, one bomb after another fell from the otherwise clear sky, making a huge explosion, followed by smoke and dust clouds covered the whole square sky, which made all the Japanese people present very frightened, they ran in all directions in confusion.The BOMBING was carried out by the U.S. Army Air Force with 16 B-25 bombers, the world’s most advanced bombers at the time, which shows that the Americans were absolutely committed to the bombing.Are the choices in the case of the Japanese unprepared, respectively for bombed Tokyo, yokohama, Nagoya and kobe, because just before 5 months of December 7, 1941, the Japanese had secretly sneak attack on Pearl Harbor, started the Pacific war, caused the balance ocean fleet almost wiped out global big losses.The morning after the bombing, in maotan, a remote village on the west Tianmu Mountain in Lin ‘an County, Zhejiang Province, a farmer got up early as usual to do farm work in the fields.But when he casually stepped into his husking room, where he was storing debris, he was surprised by what he saw.A wet man lay in the husk house, and his appearance suggested that he was not a Chinese.Seeing the other party is very weak, the farmer will quickly help him to go home, at this time the good farmer how can not think of their eyes of this foreigner, just completed the bombing of Tokyo feat.In the following days, a number of foreigners were found by farmers in Zhejiang and Anhui and other places in China, and the corresponding rescue.Who on earth is this man?Why was he hiding in a mountain village in Zhejiang province of China when he was on a bombing mission to Tokyo?One way to answer that question is to start with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.On December 7, 1941, The Japanese aircraft carrier fleet launched a surprise bombing attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, where the U.S. Pacific Fleet was located, starting the Pacific War.Japan’s undeclared war infuriated Then-U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who immediately ordered to find a way to bomb Japan as soon as possible in the face of domestic and international public opinion that could not be calmed down.Later, Roosevelt regarded as the right hand of General Marshall and the U.S. Pacific Fleet commander Admiral Kimmel, carefully planned a complete battle plan, and presented to Roosevelt’s desk.Marshall and Kimmel’s plan was to use the aircraft carrier USS Hornet to carry 16 B-25 bombers and fly again to bomb several major Japanese cities, including Tokyo, once they were close to the Japanese mainland.In addition, instead of flying back to the carrier after bombing missions, the bombers were sent to Quzhou Airport in China’s Zhejiang province.Doolittle was an accomplished aerobatic pilot and aviation engineer in the U.S. Army Air Corps at the time, holding the rank of lieutenant colonel.With his record, Doolittle was the perfect air commander for this important mission.As early as the 1920s, doolittle was a talented fighter who won several aviation championships and twice set records for flying across the east and west coasts of the United States. Because there were no major wars in the world at the time, Doolittle was not able to fly in combat until he retired in 1930.In 1940, as the frenzied fascists took the war to every continent, Doolittle was called back into the army.With his skills and experience as a pilot, Duarte was the perfect choice for the bombing of Tokyo.The government needed to reassure the American people, demoralized by the news of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, that the task could not be lost.After months of effort, Doolittle and his comrades successfully launched two modified B-25 bombers from the aircraft carrier Uss Hornet.Doolittle knew, however, that despite the success of the test flight, the 16 B-25s would not be able to return to the carrier in actual combat, but would have to fly to China.This makes the flight unknown and uncertain, a total adventure, but a soldier who has no choice when national sovereignty is being challenged.On April 2, 1942, the aircraft carrier Uss Hornet, carrying 16 modified B-25 bombers, left San Francisco harbor and was escorted by six warships, including the heavy cruiser Uss Vincennes, slowly sailing into the Pacific Ocean.After half a month’s voyage, the aircraft carrier group arrived in waters only 1,800 kilometers away from the Japanese mainland on The 17th, and the Hornet, guarded by destroyers, rushed to Japan at full speed.However, on April 18, the Hornet was 800 nautical miles from Japan when it was spotted by a Japanese fishing boat at sea.The operator of the Hornet then intercepted the radio message sent by the Japanese fishing boat and sent it to Admiral Halsey, commander of the U.S. Task Force.Halsey was shocked by the telegram. He realized that the American operation had been exposed and that if it continued as planned, it would be a fiasco.Halsey immediately ordered all b-25 bombers to take off at once.They were still more than 1,000km from the Coast of Japan, so taking off at such a distance meant the crew was at risk of running out of fuel at any moment.The combination of the long range flight and the lack of fighter escorts in the daytime made the flight likely to be a no-go for doolit and others.Before taking off, Doolit attached the medal Japan had given him before the war to a bomb about to be loaded into a B-25 bomber and uttered the rousing words: “Let this medal accompany the American bombing to shake the throne of the Emperor.”Sixteen B-25 bombers took off at 9:20 a.m. and headed for Tokyo, Japan.The jets suddenly appeared over Tokyo at noon.Doolit and the rest of his crew then began bombing missions over Tokyo, Yokohama, Nagoya, and Kobe.Doolittle and his men did not encounter any Japanese counterattack because the American planes attacked suddenly.This became known as Operation Doolittle.After 30 thrilling seconds in the air, Doolit led his bomber fleet out of Tokyo.On the way, except for one aircraft that had to make an emergency landing in Vladivostok, the other 15 aircraft all flew to Zhejiang, China.By the time they reached China, their tanks had run out of fuel, and it was raining heavily and getting dark, in conditions that would have killed anyone trying to make a hasty landing.So doolittle and his crew decided to jump, following a pre-planned plan.Doolit and his crew jumped out of the plane at 21:30 PM as it was flying over Lin ‘an, Zhejiang Province, in the rainy night.All five members of Doolit’s plane landed in the west Tianmu township of Lin ‘an city. All four escaped unscathed except for Doolit’s sprained ankle.Zhu xueshan, an elementary school teacher who spoke a little English, carried Doolit inside with his brother and others, and asked his mother to cook some eggs for them.In the wreckage of the crashed plane, Doolit and the villagers found intact cameras, and took a very precious “family photo”, which is the best evidence of the United States and China during World War II.The next morning, the American pilots were taken to the KMT headquarters in western Zhejiang and eventually returned safely to the United States after several twists and turns.On June 27, a grand ceremony was held in Washington D.C. to honor the 23 airmen who survived and died.Doolittle received America’s highest honor, the Congressional Medal, for his role in the bombing of Tokyo.However, far in the other side of the ocean Doolit how would not have thought that shortly after they left, Zhejiang Lin ‘an and other places were the crazy revenge of the Japanese fascists.On May 15, 1942, the Japanese began a large-scale attack on the main landing site of the Doolit crew, using bacterial-warfare weapons.The Japanese became angry because they could not find the American pilots, and poured all their anger and anger on the Chinese civilians, and carried out a terrible massacre.When Doolittle heard the news, he felt very guilty about the Chinese people who had died trying to rescue them.As late as the 1980s, Doolittle, now a general, corresponded with the villagers who had rescued him.In 1992, five Chinese who had rescued the Doolittle crew were invited to the United States to participate in the 50th anniversary of Operation Doolittle.The reunion of these octogenarians after 50 years brought tears to everyone present.However, similar things happened many times throughout the War of Resistance against Japan, and 70,000 American troops were sent to China during World War II.On Aug. 4, 1945, as the Soviet Union advanced into northeast China and Japan was losing ground in various battlefields, the death knell of militarism sounded, American warplanes still flew in the hump.This day, captain Johnson and co-pilot Lule, operator Carol, driving a C46 transport aircraft to carry out the last airlift mission.However, what they did not expect was that there was an accident on the way. That night, the plane burst into flames when it came to Shan Yang Village, Yongping County, more than 50 kilometers away from Baoshan Airport.Because the village sits below the hump, it has a history of frequent crashes, so the local government often puts up signs to help The American pilots.At 23 o ‘clock that evening, 16-year-old Luo Guangfu was getting ready to go to bed after a day of farm work.Suddenly a loud explosion was heard outside the window, followed by a red glow that turned the whole village red.Luo Guangfu and several villagers immediately ran in the direction of the fire, turned out to be a plane crashed and caught fire.He and another crew member parachuted out and landed on a hillside. Operator Carol was not so lucky. He fell into a nearby river.It was hot summer, the river was in full bloom, the water was up to carol’s chin, and he struggled.Villagers quickly lifted him to his feet and luo, 16, tried to pull Carroll out of the parachute, but he was caught in the ropes and had a hard time pulling him to shore.Soon after her rescue, Carol fell into a coma.Critical moment, thin Luo Guangfu tried his best to carry tall Carol up, all the way back to the village at a trot.Luo Guangfu even dragged carol placed in a wooden building on the second floor, and found the quilt, luo Guangfu has been waiting in carol’s side, to feed him water.So carol spent the most memorable time of her life in this small town in southwest China.Two days later, the three recovered American pilots had to stand up and say goodbye, and the villagers of Shanyang took them all the way to the Lancang River.The three American pilots made it back to their base in Baoshan.After Carroll and others left, the wooden building where he lived had undergone several repairs and was still in good condition.Luo often recalls the experience, but he never imagined that he would see Carol again one day.In July 1999, Luo and li Wanben, another villager who had participated in the rescue, received a gift from the United States: a model of a World War II-era C46 transport plane.In fact, Luo guangfu has been hoping to meet Carol again.Three years later, this wish has come true.In 2002, the memory of History exhibition group approached Luo guangfu and invited him to join the exhibition in the United States.When she heard that Mr. Luo was coming to the United States, Ms. Carroll, now 84, traveled to Washington from three states with 10 members of her family, three generations apart.Carol was so excited to meet the man who saved her life 57 years ago that she asked her grandchildren to call Luo Guangfu “Grandpa”.Yunnan Yi Airport was the most important base of the American flying Tigers during the War of Resistance against Japan, and it naturally became the focus of the bombing target of Japanese fighter planes.At that time, the people living around the airport lived in great fear, but if an American pilot fell out of a plane, they would go to the rescue.The American pilots speak little Chinese, and few of the local people speak English, making rescue operations difficult.So the Aviation Committee came up with a clever idea, that is, on the clothes of each American pilots to aid the War in China, military and civilian integrated rescue logo, also known as the “blood banner”, the local people see this logo, will lend a helping hand.One day in May 1944, four heavy bombers took off from Yunnan Yi Airport. When they flew over Gaoligong Mountain, they found that there were Japanese troops stationed in a place called Malu Slope at the western foot of Gaoligong Mountain.So the pilot adjusted the Angle of low altitude bomb bombing, only to be found by the Japanese first, under the Devil machine gun crazy strafing, one of the bombers was hit by the fuel tank, three passengers were forced to parachute.A villager surnamed Zhao and his family were having lunch when they heard a clanging sound and two legs fell from the roof.When the people around heard that a man had fallen from his house, they all ran to see what had happened. They saw that the man was a foreigner with yellow hair and a long nose.Judging from the visible blood smear that he was an American pilot, they helped to lift him off the roof.The pilot was already in a coma, and the people knew nothing about medicine, so they had to use the earth method. They choked him and poured eggs into his mouth, which really woke the pilot up.Later, villagers village Dajin looked around for meat for the pilots to supplement nutrition, and these pilots who came to China from thousands of miles said “Thank you”, although we did not speak the same language, but their hearts were connected.The villagers thought the pilot’s name was “Three Grams of Oil” and called him “Three Grams of oil” whenever they saw him.”Three grams of oil” body injury, not far from the Japanese, so the villagers are very worried about his safety, so some people think of living in Yongan Street primary School English teacher Ai Zichang, in the teacher’s guidance of the villagers just know “three grams of oil” the real name of Carnier.The next day, with Ai’s help, the villagers found two other members of the group, who were eventually escorted to a U.S. military base in Tengchong. After a week of trekking, they arrived at the U.S. Liaison office in Baoshan, tengchong.Stories like this play out almost every once in a while across China, especially in Yunnan.Such a story is a good testimony to the friendship between China and the United States in the joint fight against fascism, and such friendship will be handed down from generation to generation.Unfortunately, some Americans seem to have forgotten these things and are trampling on the friendship of the Chinese people.I am the Phantom of The Sea, follow me and give history a thumbs up.